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How to fish for Brown Trout

The Brown Trout is native to Europe and western Asia and was introduced from Europe to much of the United States and Canada during the late 1800's, it was also later introduced to New Zealand and South America. The Brown Trout has adapted well, inhabiting the waters of streams, rivers, and lakes. The Brown Trout prefers cooler water (54F to 65F) but is known for tolerating warmer waters (65F to 75F). Brown Trout are opportunistic feeders that are active both day and night. Their diet usually includes invertebrates from the stream, frogs, small fish and insects flying near the surface of the water. Their desire for insect larva, nymphs and pupae make the Brown Trout an ideal target for fly fishing. Brown Trout are wary and elusive fish that seek out cover under banks, trees, rocks, and any other objects that provide shelter.
Fly fishing is the more popular method of fishing for Brown Trout. In streams and small rivers most anglers will not encounter Brown Trout over 2 pounds. A 7 foot 4 weight fly rod with a matching reel spooled with 4 wt WF fly line should be suitable for most Brown Trout encountered by anglers in these bodies of water. If fly fishing large rivers or rivers that hold sea run Browns then a 9 foot 7 weight rod with a matching disc drag reel spooled with 7 wt WF fly line on top of lots of backing is more suited as these Brown Trout can be from 6 to 10 pounds.
Brown Trout are a wary fish and can be selective when it comes to taking a fly depending on the stream or river they are in. The following are some streamers that should work in most rivers and streams. Black Ghost Streamer Size 8 to 14, Wooly Buggers (black, black and olive, white, chartreuse and black and white) Sizes 6 to 14, Ed Shenk's Sculpin Sizes 6 to 14, Maribou Streamer (yellow, black, white, silver bodies and some gold tinsel) Sizes 6 to 14, Leech Streamers (Black, brown, grey-black) Sizes 4 to 8. 
Wet Fly Patterns can be some of the best producers for Brown Trout including the Brown Hackle Peacock Sizes 8 to 18, Grey Hackle Yellow sizes 8 to 18, Grey Hackle Green Sizes 8 to 18, Royal Coachman Sizes 8 to 16, Black Gnat Sizes 8 to 16.
Dry flies that can entice the Brown to rise are Adams Sizes 12 to 22, Sulfur Dun Size 12 to 20, Brown Bivisible Sizes 10 to 18, Grizzly Bivisible Sizes 10 to 24, Royal Coachman Fan Wing sizes 8 to 22, Stimulator Sizes 6 to 20, Blue Winged Olive Dun Sizes 12 to 24, Hendrickson and Red Quill Sizes: 12 to 18, Many nymph fly patterns work very well also.


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