Just Sportfishing.com header

Home   Game Fish   Fishing Knots   Tackle Tips   Videos   Pictures   Tips   Rods & Reels   Boats   Cook your Catch   Articles    About   Contact


Donate to JustSportfishing.com and help to build the largest fishing information site on the web. Even a dollar or two will keep us building this free site.

bonefish illustration


World Record ~ 19 Lbs. At  Zululand, South Africa on May 26, 1962 by angler Brian W. Batchelor

Scientific name ~ Albula Vulpes

Other names ~  Banana, Bananafish, Indo-Pacific Bonefish, Ladyfish, Round Jaw, Salmon Peel, Tarpon, Tenny, Tenpounder, Ladyfish, Silver Streak, Phantom Silver Ghost, Grubber, White Fox

Identification ~  Bonefish appear blue-greenish above, with bright silver armor plates (Bonefish have plates rather than scales) on the sides and belly. Dark streaks run in between the rows of plates, predominantly on the dorsal side of the body. The dorsal and caudal fins have dusky margins. Bonefish have deeply forked tails. Bonefish have no spines. One of the most distinctive characteristics of the bonefish is the sucker type mouth and cone shaped head and snout.

Size ~ In the Caribbean Sea and western Atlantic Ocean, the bonefish can reach a length of about 30 inches and a weight of 14 pounds. In Florida and the Bahamas fish from 2 to 5 pounds are common, with some fish reaching 10 pounds. However, bonefish taken from Africa and Hawaii may attain weights over 20 pounds.

Habitat ~ Bonefish inhabit tropical and warm temperate waters worldwide, but are most common in south Florida, the Bahamas, and Bermuda. On the eastern Pacific coast, the Bonefish is found from San Francisco Bay, California, south to Peru and west to Hawaii. Bonefish are found in schools, sometimes in groups of up to 100 individuals, but large adult Bonefish are solitary. Bonefish are predominately a coastal species, commonly found in inter-tidal flats, mangrove areas, river mouths, and deeper adjacent waters. The flats vary in composition from sand or grass to rocky substrates. Anglers have found that Bonefish move to shallow water during the rising tide, and a retreat into deeper water during a falling tide. In the summer months, larger Bonefish tend to remain in deep water, rarely moving onto the flats; they reappear in autumn.

Feeding Habits ~ Bone fish can often be seen with their tails sticking out of the water while feeding as they swim head down stirring up the bottom looking for prey. The Bonefish feeds on crabs, shrimp, clams, shellfish, sea worms, sea urchins, and small fish.    

Fishing Prints


  FishingFans Top World Fishing Websites